Maryland is a U.S. state located in the Mid-Atlantic region situated between Virginia, West Virginia, and the District of Columbia to the south and west; Pennsylvania to the north; and Delaware to the east. It has an area of 12,407 square miles and is the home of its largest city and state capital, Baltimore. Maryland has a population of 6.05 million and is a major seaport and transportation hub. The state is known for its abundant waterways and its economic resources, including agriculture, commercial fishing, technology, and manufacturing.